Dynamic performance requirements for permanent grandstands subject to crowd action: Interim guidance on assessment and design
Guidance is given on vertical natural frequencies necessary to provide safety and adequate comfort for different categories of use in permanent grandstands in steel, concrete or composite construction of a size considered likely to be significantly affected by dynamic loading due to crowd action. Recommendations are also made for horizontal load resistance. The Guidance highlights that grandstand design and assessment are specialist topics that require the involvement of an engineer with experience in structural dynamics and knowledge of human induced dynamic loading in the context of grandstand design. Deals with both existing and new grandstands.
Superseded by 'Dynamic performance requirements for permanent grandstands subject to crowd action. Recommendations for management design and assessment' (2008).
Institution of Structural Engineers
The Institution of Structural Engineers publishes authoritative books and technical reports that provide essential, accurate information for structural engineers.
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